Angular vs React – Which mobile framework is suitable in 2019?
Mobile Applications

Angular vs React – Which mobile
framework is suitable in 2019?

By Shanal Aggarwal

Angular vs React – Which mobile framework is suitable in 2019?

Angular vs React

While the Jury is still out on which is better - Angular vs React, let us have our own little discussion. When it comes to using tools for developing mobile apps, there can never be the best tool. Each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. A feature that is advantageous in one situation may prove to be a drawback for another. So, there cannot be a definite outcome of our discussion, which would declare Angular vs React to be a better framework.
But, if you look at both the frameworks from the perspective of the situation at hand, you can decide which one would be better for your purpose. In fact, you should definitely decide which one would be better before starting
mobile app development. Leaving the choice of the right framework to the last possible moment can unnecessarily increase development times.

Angular vs React - A Comparison Chart

Condition Angular React
Type of Framework JavaScript Framework JavaScript Library
Initial Release September 2016 March 2013
Language TypeScript JavaScript
DOM Real Virtual
Licensing MIT License MIT License
Maintained By Google Facebook
Learning Curve Steep Flat (Low)
 
 

Angular vs React - Which brands are using?

Angular Framework React Framework

Google Logo

Forbes Logo

Sony

General Motors

Nike

Upwork

HBO

Facebook

WhatsApp

Instagram

Uber

Netflix

Dropbox

Airbnb

 

Angular vs React - Let's understand

1. Architecture

When talking of Angular vs React, it boils down to framework vs library. While Angular is a full-fledged MVC framework, being a descendant of Angularjs, React is more like a library of UX components. It is only the V component of MVC. You need to use other libraries for M and C components.
You can take it to be an advantage or disadvantage depending upon your preferences. If you like things done your own way it is easier to add your own components/libraries to the React framework because of its minimalist approach. However, if you are using Angular, you must accommodate the pre-existing libraries.
If the app that you are developing needs libraries that are already available in Angular, it would make sense to use Angular. On the other hand, if the libraries that you need are not there in either Angular or React, you cannot really make a decision based on this criterion.
Angular bundles many components that a standard app might need, like routing, AJAX requests, forms, XSS protection, etc. On the other hand, React has minimal in-built features. This allows you to build those libraries yourself, tailored to your exact requirements. Or you can choose from a wide range of libraries developed especially to be work with React.

2. Language Expertise

When we are discussing Angular vs React in terms of language expertise, Angular uses TypeScript, which was released in 2012. Thus, it is a relatively new language and has a small number of people using it. React uses JavaScript which was released in 1995. So, it has a larger number of developers using it. This means that if you have a larger community to reach out to in case of any issues.
Talking of languages, you also need to consider that JavaScript is a dynamically typed language whereas TypeScript is a statically typed language. Depending upon your love for either, you can choose the framework you want. You do need to keep in mind that dynamically typed languages decrease development and testing times drastically. Statically typed languages tend to have more typos which need time for debugging and fixing.

3. Scalability

Angular is highly scalable due to its robust design and powerful command-line interface. But React claims to be easier to test, which would make scaling easier too.

4. Using Third-Party Libraries

Typescript was Introduced by Google to counter the steep learning curve of JavaScript. However, when you include third-party libraries, TypeScript becomes a headache. Definitions of all the libraries to be used must be there in TypeScript, as it is statically typed, which makes working with third-party libraries a tad cumbersome.

5. Licensing

Angular comes with free open source licenses, so companies would find it easier to adopt. Coming from Facebook, React started out with some patent clauses which was not suitable for many enterprises. However, it was re-licensed under MIT license, making it accessible to all. But still, you must read the finer points before choosing to use React.

6. Frameworks

With mobile apps ruling the app development landscape, a discussion about developing mobile apps using Angular vs React is imperative. Both Angular and React have their own mobile app development frameworks. Angular has ionic 2 and native script, whereas React has to React native, next.js and React Sketchapp. Out of all these, React native is the best framework for developing mobile apps in terms of both ease of development and product performance. This does not, however, mean that other frameworks don’t work. Like the discussion at hand, it depends upon what you want to do, what your requirements are.

7. Speed

Considering the components between Angular vs React, Angular has, it takes time to load, especially on mobiles. In comparison, React was always sleek, and hence loaded faster. After the introduction of Fiber architecture in the second quarter of 2018, it loads blazingly fast. Even Angular 5, the latest version of Angular released in November 2017, does not come anywhere close to it. Though, the emphasis of Angular 5.0.0 is to make Angular smaller but faster. If speed is important to you, React should be the chosen one.

Benefits of Angular Framework

1. Supported by Google

The development and maintenance of Angular platform is supported by Google and it has pledged long-term support. This indicates that Angular is here to stay and hence developers would do well to learn and use the framework.

2. Declarative UI

Angular uses declarative UI. This means that developers simply need to work on coding the components without worrying about which one needs to load first. Program flow is completely taken care of by Angular internally.

3. Improved Readability

Angular is written in Typescript, which is a superset of JavaScript. Typescript supports static typing of variables, classes, and other interfaces. This makes the code error-free as well as more readable.

4. Simplified Unit Testing

Angular has its own components and modules that are independent of each other. This makes testing the independent units easier and faster because they can be tested in any order without worrying about the inputs and outputs for other components.

5. Code Reusability

Angular has a component-based structure, which essentially means that developers can code different components of the application independently. These components can be then reused across the application as a black box.

6. Modular Structure

As you know, Angular is a component-based framework. Each component is organized into modules with its services, pipes, or directives. Development can easily be assigned according to these modules, making the whole development process streamlined and manageable.

7. Simplified MVC Pattern

Angular has simplified the typical Model-View-Controller pattern into the Model-View-View-Model (MVVM) structure. This has eliminated the need for writing controller codes. Besides cutting on development time, it ensures a lighter and faster code that makes the apps faster as well.

Advantages of Angular over React

As pointed out earlier, a discussion on Angular vs React cannot have a clear-cut winner as both have their own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the advantages of Angular over React:

  • As Angular is a complete MVC framework, developers are using it widely.
  • It has a strong support community. Which in turn raises demand among developers.
  • Angular is browser-independent
  • Two-way data binding ensures that data is always in sync at all levels

Benefits of React Web Framework

1. Focused and easy-to-learn

As you know by now, React JS is not a full-fledged framework, but a set of libraries focused on rendering the view layer of MVC (Model-View-Controller) or MVVM (Model-View-View-Model) app development architecture. This means that there is no complexity involved in any of its components. A developer familiar with a component's properties, state, and life cycles can hit the ground running.

2. Backed by a strong community

Although React was originally created for internal use by Facebook, currently it is supported by engineering teams at both Facebook and Instagram as well as external React experts. There are open communities and forums where developers can post queries and get solutions. 

3. SEO friendly

Search engines are unable to process applications that are heavy in JavaScript. However, as React allows the use of HTML, using React the applications can be rendered as a regular web page in the browsers. This helps in page SEO and search engine rankings.

4. Guarantees stable code

React JS uses downward data flow. This essentially means that if an object is modified, only that data gets updated. This ensures a higher degree of code stability and better app performance.

5. Ensures faster rendering

React JS uses virtual DOM (document object model). The changes are made in the virtual DOM in real-time, and then the only difference is updated in the real DOM. This ensures a faster rendering of changes.

6. Boosts productivity

Due to its code reusability, one-way binding structure, and faster rendering of changes, development teams using React JS report much higher productivity.

7. Easier maintenance and updating

Each application developed in React JS is broken down into smaller components until each component is a single entity in itself. Once the code for each object is developed, it can be used and reused across the application. Late binding also ensures that only the actual modifications need to be updated in the DOM. A high degree of reusability and faster rendering make code maintenance and updating very easy.

8. Facilitates the overall process of writing components

Some of the features of React JS, like HTML, quoting, informative warnings, error messages, and prevention of code injections make it easier to develop product components.

Advantages of React over Angular

Let us flip sides now and see what are the benefits of React over Angular:

  • Lower learning curve
  • JSX allows HTML
  • Ideal for mobile app development
  • Uses JavaScript, which is an old, established and advanced language

Angular vs React - When to use what

Scenario Platform (Angular vs React)
If you want to have a complete framework Angular
If you want to have the flexibility of choosing libraries React
If you want the capability to reuse code Angular
If you want a blitzkrieg-like speed React
If you need to have lots of templates in your app Angular
If your app has many dynamic contents React
If you need strong server-side rendition Angular

Launch Your Mobile App

Conclusion

Stephen Covey said that there are three constants in life – change, choice, and principles. It applies to frameworks like React and Angular too. As they keep changing continuously, you must choose to work with them depending on the basic principles discussed just now. In last, which is the best framework for your angular app development or React app development will also depend on your requirements and the experience of the chosen mobile app development company.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which framework is more popular – Angular or React?

Before we look into which of the two are more popular, you must understand that Angular is a full-fledged Framework while React is just a highly mature JavaScript library. Both Angular and React are used by start-ups as well as Fortune 500 companies. However, as per StackOverflow Survey, React is more popular than Angular.

Angular vs React StackOverflow Survey

How Angular is better than React?

React uses JavaScript whereas Angular uses Typescript, which provides a cleaner and more easily readable code. Also, as Angular is a full-fledged framework, it is more suited for big enterprise-wide applications.

How React is different from Angular?

The major difference between React and Angular is the language they use. React uses JavaScript whereas Angular uses Typescript. Also, Angular has two-way data binding whereas React supports one-way data binding.

Can I use Angular and React together?

You can use Angular and React together, especially if you want to boost the performance of your Angular applications. If you are planning to completely do away with Angular in future, then also it makes sense to develop the application using both Angular and React.

Is React is better than Angular?

React enables you to achieve the same result with a lesser amount of code. Also, when it comes to performance, React is much faster than Angular.

Shanal Aggarwal : - As Vice President for Global Business Development and Alliances, Shanal takes care of TechAhead business growth through new client acquisition and management of ongoing client relationships. Shanal has helped TechAhead to set new benchmarks in service quality by always keeping customers' best interests in mind and providing extraordinary customer service.

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